Methane hydrate

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What is Methane Hydrate? Methane hydrate is a crystalline solid that consists of a methane molecule surrounded by a cage of interlocking water molecules (see image at the top of this page). Methane hydrate is an ice that only occurs naturally in subsurface deposits where temperature and pressure conditions are favorable for its formation Methane clathrate (CH 4 ·5.75H 2 O) or (4CH 4 ·23H 2 O), also called methane hydrate, hydromethane, methane ice, fire ice, natural gas hydrate, or gas hydrate, is a solid clathrate compound (more specifically, a clathrate hydrate) in which a large amount of methane is trapped within a crystal structure of water, forming a solid similar to ice. Originally thought to occur only in the outer. Methane hydrates are formed from water and methane gas at certain temperatures and high pressures. The warmer the water, the higher the water pressure needs to be, and the deeper the deposits are then buried. According to current estimates, global hydrate deposits contain about 10 times more methane gas than conventional natural gas deposits Methane hydrates are white, ice-like solids that consist of methane and water. The methane molecules are enclosed in microscopic cages composed of water molecules. Methane gas is primarily formed by microorganisms that live in the deep sediment layers and slowly convert organic substances to methane Methane hydrate, also called methane ice or methane clathrate, consists of methane, which is enclosed in frozen water. The water molecules completely surround the methane. Methane hydrate is a common constituent of the shallow marine (ocean) geosphere. In 1971, it was first discovered in Black Sea

Methane Hydrate: The World's Largest Natural Gas Resourc

Methane hydrate is ice that burns! (Fig. 1). It is a crystalline compound ofmethane and water, stable under a narrow zone of low temperatures and high pres-sures. TheStructure I hydrateconsists of 46 water molecules per 8 gas molecules,forming two small dodecahedral and six large tetrakaidecahedral cavities into whichmethane molecules enter and stabilize the structure (Fig. 2a) A crystalline structure consisting of ice that contains interstitial methane, found in ocean floor sediments and detected on some moons of the outer planets of the solar system. Also called methane ice, methane clathrate. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition Methane releases from hydrates at the poles differ in a number of ways from the methane that is typically released elsewhere around the globe: Image 10. Methane's Local Warming Potential Abrupt release of methane from hydrates will initially be highly concentrated in one location Methane hydrate, or fire ice, is a highly energy-intensive fuel source The world is addicted to hydrocarbons, and it's easy to see why - cheap, plentiful and easy to mine, they represent an..

Methane clathrate - Wikipedi

  1. Found near the ocean floor and beneath Arctic permafrost, methane hydrate is a mysterious icy substance that burns when lit and holds vast amounts of potenti..
  2. g of arctic sediments or ocean waters has the potential to cause methane hydrate to dissociate, releasing methane into the deepwater sediments, the ocean or atmosphere
  3. Kinetics of methane hydrate form atton The effects of stirring rate, pressure and temperature were investigated on the kinetics of methane hydrate formation. The effect of stirring on the reaction kinetics is illustrated in Fig. 4. The slope of each cUrve represents the consumption rate of methane gas (1 at the specified stirring rate
  4. g the sample with a heater wire in the thermal probe while measuring the temperature change with a centrally located thermal sensor (fig. 2A). The temperature change is linear when plotted as
  5. Methanhydrat mit wabenartiger Struktur vom Hydrate Ridge vor Oregon, USA. Methanhydrat (auch Methanclathrat oder Clathrathydrat (von lateinisch clatratus ‚vergittert'), Methaneis oder brennbares Eis genannt) ist eine natürlich vorkommende, eisartige Substanz
  6. Provided to YouTube by Genie Music CorporationMethane Hydrate · Roh yunha , YoBoySchool Rapper4 - Team Battle:Textbook Rap Battle1℗ 2021 Stone Music Entertai..

The structure of methane hydrate is well known as sI 2, that is, water molecules form two types of cages (5 12, dodecahedron, and 5 12 6 2, tetrakaidecahedron) with a ratio of 2:6 to stack the.. methane hydrate as an energy resource and as a source and sink for methane in the Earth's global carbon cycle. INTRODUCTION The goal of the Methane Hydrate project is to complete experimental and modeling research on the nature and behavior of natural gas hydrates. This research will improv Methane Hydrate Extraction Market is estimated to reach 66,901.8 thousand cubic meters by 2025, registering a CAGR of 6.3% from 2021 to 2025, According to the published report by Allied Market Research. On the basis of geography, the Methane Hydrate Extraction Market is segmented into China, India, Japan, Russia, the U.S., and Canada

A gas hydrate that contains methane as the guest molecule; It occurs both in deep sedimentary structures, and as outcrops on the ocean floor. Show declension of methane hydrate ( ) stemming. Example sentences with methane hydrate, translation memory. add example. en The. Methane hydrate is a naturally occurring substance, called a clathrate, in which a host lattice of ice encloses guest molecules of natural gas, predominantly methane. It forms under high-pressure and low-temperature conditions, typically in association with arctic permafrost and in sediments located beneath deepwater ocean basins, especially.

A solution of methane and water crystallizes to a clathrate hydrate upon cooling and/or pressurization ().Such hydrates, which are ice-like inclusion compounds with guest molecules trapped (enclathrated) inside hydrogen-bonded water cages, are relevant in a variety of scientific and industrial contexts, including climate change modeling (), carbon dioxide sequestration (), hydrocarbon. Methane Hydrate Extraction Market is estimated to reach 66,901.8 thousand cubic meters by 2025, registering a CAGR of 6.3% from 2021 to 2025, According to the published report by Allied Market.. メタンハイドレート(英: methane hydrate )とは、低温かつ高圧の条件下でメタン 分子が水 分子に囲まれた、網状の結晶 構造をもつ包接水和物の固体である 。 およその比重は 0.9 g/cm 3 であり、堆積物に固着して海底に大量に埋蔵されている 。 メタンは、石油や石炭に比べ燃焼時の二酸化炭素. Methane hydrate is an ice-like substance formed when CH4 and water combine at low temperature (up to ~25ºC) and moderate pressure (greater than 3-5 MPa, which corresponds to combined water and. Methane clathrate, also known commonly as methane hydrate, is a form of water ice that contains a large amount of methane within its crystal structure.Potentially large deposits of methane clathrate have been found under sediments on the ocean floors of the Earth, although the estimates of total resource size given by various experts differ by many orders of magnitude, leaving doubt as to the.

Methane hydrate « World Ocean Revie

Second, methane hydrate releases a lot of water as well as a lot of methane when it destabilises, which would introduce a lot more liquid into the sediment below the ocean floor. In a steeply. Methane Hydrate. In addition to the well-known energy sources (coal, natural gas, etc.), there exist unconventional energy sources that have generated much interest in recent years. These include oil sands and oil shale, as well as methane hydrates Methane hydrate, also called methane ice or methane clathrate, consists of methane, which is enclosed in frozen water.The water molecules completely surround the methane.Methane hydrate is a common constituent of the shallow marine geosphere.In 1971, it was first discovered in Black Sea Joint New Zealand - German 3D survey reveals massive seabed gas hydrate and methane system. A joint New Zealand-German research team has discovered a huge network of frozen methane and methane gas in sediments and in the ocean near New Zealand's east coast. The 16-strong team is using state-of-the-art 3D and 2D seismic and echosounder. The conditions at which methane and water form solid hydrates have beenextended from 4,000 to 11,200 pounds per sq. in. The curve at high pressure hadbeen in doubt because of Villard's report of a critical decompositiontemperature. The paper explains the nature of the hydrate curve at highpressure and its dependence on fluid phase behavior

We present a model of the global methane inventory as hydrate and bubbles below the sea floor. The model predicts the inventory of CH4 in the ocean today to be ≈1600-2,000 Pg of C. Most of the hydrate in the model is in the Pacific, in large part because lower oxygen levels enhance the preservation of organic carbon. Because the oxygen concentration today may be different from the long. Methane Hydrate Extraction Market Outlook - 2025. The methane hydrate extraction market is projected to reach 66,901.8 thousand cubic meter by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 6.3% from 2021 to 2025.Methane hydrate is a solid compound wherein large amount of methane is trapped within a crystal structure of water

Methane hydrates « World Ocean Revie

Methane hydrate is also known as burnable or flammable ice. Japan says it has successfully extracted natural gas from frozen methane hydrate off its central coast, in a world first. Methane. Methane hydrate formation in activated carbon. Methane adsorption experiments either in wet or dry conditions were carried out using a petroleum pitch-derived activated carbon, labelled PP-AC

The amount of natural gas in methane hydrate worldwide is estimated to be far greater than the entire world's conventional natural gas resources. BOEM, in conjunction with our U.S. government partners, industry, and numerous universities, has an ongoing effort to better understand the distribution of methane hydrates on the OCS Methane that forms hydrate can be both biogenic, created by biological activity in sediments, and thermogenic, created by geological processes deeper within the earth. Once assumed to be rare, gas hydrates are now thought to occur in vast volumes and to include 250,000-700,000 trillion cubic feet of methane and the formation thickness can be. Fiery Ice: Methane Hydrates at the University of Texas. The University of Texas Institute for Geophysics (UTIG) is leading a multi-disciplinary study of methane hydrates in the Gulf of Mexico supported by the U.S. Department of Energy. Over the nine year project (2014-2023), we are working to locate, drill, and sample methane hydrate deposits.

Methane hydrate - Simple English Wikipedia, the free

In this study, the kinetics of methane replacement with carbon dioxide and nitrogen gas in methane gas hydrate prepared in porous silica gel matrices has been studied by in situ (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. The replacement process was monitored by in situ (1)H NMR spectra, where about 42 mol % o Methane hydrate is formed through geologic processes and/or decomposition of organic matter. When trapped frozen underwater, it is 160 times more concentra.. Dissociating Methane Hydrate at Sediment/Water Interface @Hassan Harraz 2018 Gas Hydrates 15 16. Conceptual Picture of Hydrate Formation: @Hassan Harraz 2018 Gas Hydrates 16 17. TYPES OF METHANE HYDRATE DEPOSITS @Hassan Harraz 2018 Gas Hydrates 17 2) Arctic/Permafrost Deposits: 1) Ocean Deposits: 18 Equilibrium pressures for the dissociation of methane hydrates confined in silica gel pores of nominal radii 7.5, 5.0 and 3.0 nm were measured over a wide temperature range, and were observed to be higher than those for bulk methane hydrate

These solids are methane hydrates. Sources of methane hydrate :- Methane exist in the sea floor and arctic permafrost. Uses:- Methane hydrate is frozen natural gas and it is currently estimated that there are far more energy trapped in methane hydrate deposit than in all known reserves of oil , gas and coal . 4 Methane Hydrate Market Size And Forecast. Methane Hydrate Market is growing at a faster pace with substantial growth rates over the last few years, and is estimated that the market will grow significantly in the forecasted period i.e. 2020 to 2027. The increasing need to reduce dependency on the renewable source of energy is the crucial aspect. Methane Gas Hydrate gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their. Methane hydrate. Methane hydrate, also called methane ice or methane clathrate, consists of methane, which is enclosed in frozen water. The water molecules completely surround the methane. Methane hydrate is a common constituent of the shallow marine ( ocean) geosphere. In 1971, it was first discovered in Black Sea


[1] Methane is a potent greenhouse gas and large-scale rapid release of methane from hydrate may have contributed to past abrupt climate change inferred from the geological record. The discovery in 2008 of over 250 plumes of methane gas escaping from the seabed of the West Svalbard continental margin at ~400 m water depth (mwd) suggests that hydrate is dissociating in the present-day Arctic Gas hydrate deposits may contain roughly twice the carbon contained in all reserves of coal, oil, and conventional natural gas combined, making them a potentially valuable energy resource. Their decomposition can release large amounts of methane, which is a greenhouse gas that could impact Earth's climate Naturally occurring methane hydrate is abundant in oceanic settings, but changes in pressure and temperature (P-T) cause it to dissociate, potentially allowing methane to escape to the atmosphere and amplify climatic change (Ruppel and Kessler, 2017) or oxidize in seawater and contribute to ocean acidification (Biastoch et al., 2011).Seaward shifts of the updip feather edge of marine methane. Seismic velocities measured in three drill holes through a gas hydrate deposit on the Blake Ridge, offshore South Carolina, indicate that substantial free gas exists to at least 250 meters beneath the bottom-simulating reflection (BSR). Both methane hydrate and free gas exist even where a clear BSR is absent. The low reflectance, or blanking, above the BSR is caused by lithologic homogeneity. For the methane hydrate decomposition, the investigation associated with decomposition mechanism, the mutative law of cage occupancy ratio and the formulation of decomposition rate in porous media are described. The important aspects for future hydrate research based on Raman spectroscopy are discussed

Methane hydrate, an icelike mate­rial made of compressed natural gas, burns when lit and can be found in some regions of the seafloor and in Arctic permafrost. Thought to be the world's largest source of natural gas, methane hydrate is a potential fuel source. If it melts and releases meth­ane gas into the atmosphere, it is a potent. As shown previously, methane hydrate contains 1 mole of methane for every 5.75 mole of water, corresponding to 13.4% methane by mass, in ideal situation. In reality, this number might be lower. Therefore, the actual energy housed within a methane hydrate formation is likely to be much lower than that of a conventional gas, coal, or oil. Purpose of the Committee: The purpose of the Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee is to provide advice on potential applications of gas hydrates to the Secretary of Energy, and assist in developing recommendations and priorities for the Department of Energy's Gas Hydrates Research and Development Program Methane Hydrate Extraction Market is estimated to reach 66,901.8 thousand cubic meters by 2025, registering a CAGR of 6.3% from 2021 to 2025, According to the published report by Allied Market Research.. On the basis of geography, the Methane Hydrate Extraction Market is segmented into China, India, Japan, Russia, the U.S., and Canada Business / Economy Dec 25, 2014. Methane hydrate extracted from Sea of Japan. The government has succeeded in extracting samples of a next-generation resource called methane hydrate from the.

English: Methane clathrate, also called methane hydrate, methane ice or fire ice is a solid clathrate hydrate in which methane is trapped within a crystal structure of water, forming a solid. 日本語: メタンハイドレート (英: methane hydrate)とは、 メタン を中心にして周囲を水分子が囲んだ形になって. The nominal methane hydrate composition is CH4*5.75H2O. Methane Hydrates are formed at high pressure and very low temperatures. Discoveries in the past decades have brought to light the existence of methane hydrates in marine sediments and under shallow permafrost deposits in arctic regions where these conditions are ideal We first demonstrated that boric acid, an inexpensive and easily handled inorganic compound, can be used to dramatically enhance methane uptake kinetics in the formation of methane hydrate under static conditions. Furthermore, we revealed the synergistic effects between inorganic and organic promoters on th كتب Methane hydrate (166 كتاب). اذا لم تجد ما تبحث عنه يمكنك استخدام كلمات أكثر دقة. # Hydrate Mask News # Chemical nature of the hydrate # Mix glycerin to hydrate skin # Gas hydrate # Hydrate nitrile # Chloral hydrate # Generating methane electricity # Bromo Chloro Floro bi methane # Bacteria generating methane # Methane outside the Earth.

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  3. Methane hydrate crystallized at 0.2--0.3 GPa from liquid, and it was compressed continuously until 2.3 GPa, maintaining structure 1. Below 0.7 GPa the cage occupancy was unchanged. At 1.5 GPa methane hydrate partly decomposed to ice 4 and fluid methane. The remaining methane hydrate kept structure 1, but the cage occupancy was changed; i.e.
  4. Abstract. Methane gas hydrates in sediments have been studied by several investigators as a possible future energy resource. Recent hydrate reserves have been estimated at approximately of methane gas worldwide at standard temperature and pressure conditions. In situ dissociation of natural gas hydrate is necessary in order to commercially exploit the resource from the natural-gas-hydrate.
  5. Known as ?burning ice?, methane hydrate is a form of natural gas. It was created due to a combination of the fossils of marine creatures, methane gas and great pressure. Simply speaking, high pressure combined with freezing temperature formed ice cubicles each with encasing methane gas. Such formula is similar to dry ice; but when lit, methane.

Methane hydrate slurry in a water‐continuous system is a significant production issue during pilot explorations for natural gas and natural gas hydrates in a deepwater environment. This work investigated the morphology and rheology of hydrate slurry with hydrate concentrations from 6 to 11% and shear rates from 20 to 700 s −1 A review of the geochemistry of methane in natural gas hydrate. The largest accumulations on Earth of natural gas are in the form of gas hydrate, found mainly offshore in outer continental margin sediment and, to a lesser extent, in polar regions commonly associated with permafrost Methane hydrate formation experiments have been conducted using pure water and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) aqueous solution for comparison at 277.15 K. The experiments were conducted at 7.0 and 6.0 MPa, respectively. Kinetics of methane hydrate formation have been investigated by methane consumption per mole of water and reaction rate Methane Hydrate is a crystalline structured solid that consists of a methane molecule surrounded by a cage of interlocking water molecules. When gas molecules are trapped in a lattice of water molecules at temperatures above 0°C and pressures above one atmosphere, they can form a stable solid Methane Hydrate Production Techology Group Japanese / English RESEARCH: Realizing a Low-carbon Energy from Hokkaido. Gas clathrate hydrates (gas hydrates) are clathrate compounds that crystallize by enclosing guest molecules in water structures. Because gas hydrates are formed under high-pressure, low-temperature conditions, natural gas.

Methane hydrate - definition of methane hydrate by The

Methane-Hydrate-Release/ag14.html Catastrophic Methane Hydrate Release Mitigation This topic falls under the category of abrupt climate change as will be clear shortly. Methane hydrates or clathrates are combinations of water and methane in the form of an ice-like matrix. The methane is the result of the action of methanogeni hydrate from liquid water and methane gas. The model consists of 5 pseudoelementary processes with the following three dynamic elements: (1) the dissolution of methane gas into the water phase, (2) the buildup of an oligomeric precursor of methane hydrate, and (3) the growth of methane hydrate by an autocatalytic process. The integrate

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Methane hydrates: Methane hydrate

That slurry is called Methane Hydrate or Methane Clathrate, referring to methane gas that's trapped - by temperature and pressure - in a molecular cage of frozen water molecules. When the water warms above 32 degrees Fahrenheit, the frozen-water clathrate cages dissolve and methane gas is released Solid methane hydrate is known to form in low-temperature, high-pressure environments where molecules of methane are trapped within well-organized water molecules. The team also found methane gas formed closer to shore Thought to be the world's largest source of natural gas, methane hydrate is a potential fuel source, and if it melts and methane gas is released into the atmosphere, it is a potent greenhouse gas Methane hydrate (here referred to as gas hydrate) is found in the sediment above the BSR, and free gas in the sediment below. It is the contrast in densities between the overlying, solid hydrate and the free gas in the sediment below that causes the change in the sonar reflection. (Kvenvolden, 1994) The mystery was solved, however, when the BSR.

Schematic diagram showing methane hydrate nucleation. In the induction stage, increasing methane concentration will slow down molecular mobility, reduce system entropy, and increase free energy Usually, during combustion, there is a predetermined methane flow from the powder surface. In the present paper, the combustion of methane hydrate is simulated taking into account the non-stationary dissociation process in the powder layer. Experimental studies on the methane hydrate dissociation at negative temperatures have been carried out The effect of synthesized nanostructures, including graphene oxide, chemically reduced graphene oxide with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), chemically reduced graphene oxide with polyvinylpyrrolidone, and multi-walled carbon nanotubes, on the kinetics of methane hydrate formation was investigated in this work. The experiments were carried out at a pressure of 4.5 MPa and a temperature of 0 °C in. Offshore methane hydrate is a cleaner energy option compared to oil and coal. The extraction and production of offshore methane hydrate is considered to be a source of state revenue and will play a role in the energy mix Thought to be the world's largest source of natural gas, methane hydrate is a potential fuel source, and if it 'melts' and methane gas is released into the atmosphere, it is a potent greenhouse.

Arctic and Antarctic under Global Warming - Saving26 Nature Photos You Won’t Believe Aren’t PhotoshoppedHydrates de méthane : gisements et extraction - Banque de

Methane hydrate: Dirty fuel or energy saviour? - BBC New

The vast deepwater methane hydrate deposits of the Gulf of Mexico are an open secret in big energy circles. They represent the most tantalizing new frontier of unconventional energy — a. The Department of Energy's Methane Hydrate Research and Development Program has been tasked since 2000 to implement and coordinate a national methane hydrate research effort to stimulate the development of knowledge and technology necessary for commercial production of methane from methane hydrate in a safe and environmentally responsible way Methane hydrate was discovered only a few decades ago, and little research has been done on it until recently. By some estimates, the energy locked up in methane hydrate deposits is more than twice the global reserves of all conventional gas, oil, and coal deposits combined The crystallization kinetics of methane (sI) hydrate were investigated in a thermoelectrically-cooled microreactor with in situ Raman spectroscopy. Step-wise and precise control of the temperature allowed acquisition of reproducible data within minutes, while the nucleation of methane hydrates can take up to 24 h in traditional batch reactors Methane hydrate occurs in nature within the host sediment in different macroscopic forms where it replaces pore water: (a) methane hydrate can be disseminated within the sediment pore space or (b) methane hydrate can occur as more massive forms in nodules, veins, or fractures (sizes can vary from millimeter-scale veins to fractures several tens.

Methane Hydrate: Fire, Ice, & a Huge Quantity of Potential

Methane hydrates are fragile. At the sea floor the ice-like solid fuel composed of water and methane is only stable at high pressure and low temperature. In some areas, for instance in the North. Experimental propane-methane hydrate data are also used to generate enthalpy functions for Structure II hydrate for temperatures between 273 and 286 K. Figure: Methane-Propane Double Hydrate (only 4 cages are shown) Pressure-composition diagram of the mixed methane and propane hydrate system at 270.15 K, 275.15 and 278.15 K NETL METHANE HYDRATES FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, in association with the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), administers a Research Fellowship Program designed to support the development of Methane Hydrate science and enable highly qualified graduate and postgraduate students to pursue advanced. Large amounts of methane hydrate—which consists of water forming molecular ice cages around methane molecules—are trapped in the porosity of rocks and seafloors. The impact of this so-called burning ice on our environment remains unclear (methane is a potent greenhouse gas), especially the parameters driving its phase stability and kinetics

Methane Hydrates and Climate Change Department of Energ

Methane is a simple gas, a single carbon atom with four arms of hydrogen atoms. Its time in the atmosphere is relatively fleeting compared to other greenhouse gases like CO 2 —any given methane. Methane Hydrate Feedback Loop Challenge. A 500 ppm concentration would most likely warm the planet by 3 to 4 degrees C (5.4 to 7.2 degrees F). The permafrost under the Arctic tundra, already. Hydrate‐sourced methane's contribution to sediment and water column carbon cycling and climate change. Environmental issues related to methane hydrate exploitation; effects on scenarios that tend to decarbonize the energy system. Authors are invited to submit their papers before October 15th 2021 Methane hydrate is an ice cage like structure in which methane gas is trapped. As per the estimates by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), one cubic meter of methane hydrate may contain.

gas hydrate methane from the same location (Elvert et al., this volume). Variability and magnitudes of flow rates and benthic material turnover have been reported elsewhere (Linke et al., 1994; Suess et al., 1999a; Tryon and Brown, 1999). One of the major implications from the injection of gas hydrate methane to the sediment-wate メタンプルーム. メタンプルーム(英: methane plume)とは、海中をの泡のように浮上するメタンハイドレート。通常、海底から湧き出たメタンガスは直ぐに海水に溶けるが、一定の条件下(低温、高圧)ではハイドレート化して浮上する。近年、地球環境の変動要因として広く世界で研究されて. image: Methane bubbles form as a field sample of gas hydrate is allowed to depressurize. To develop his model, researchers worked on samples of sediments rich in natural gas hydrates taken from. Welcome to the NicknameDB entry on methane hydrate nicknames! Below you'll find name ideas for methane hydrate with different categories depending on your needs. According to Wikipedia: Methane clathrate (CH4·5.75H2O) or (4CH4·23H2O), also called methane hydrate, hydromethane, methane ice, fire ice, natural gas hydrate, or gas hydrate, is a solid clathrate compound (more specifically, a. Arabic translation of methane hydrate - English-Arabic dictionary and search engine, Arabic Translation